Supreme Court of India
Poonaiyah Ramajayam Institute Of … vs Medical Council Of India And Anr on 17 September, 2015Author: ……………………J.
Bench: M.Y. Eqbal, C. Nagappan
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION
SPECIAL LEAVE PETITION (CIVIL) NO. 14838 OF 2015
POONAIYAH RAMAJAYAM INSTITUTE
OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TRUST …….. PETITIONER(S)
MEDICAL COUNCIL OF INDIA AND ANOTHER ……. RESPONDENT(S)
O R D E R
M.Y. EQBAL, J.
We have heard Dr. Rajeev Dhawan, learned senior counsel appearing for
the petitioner and Mr. Vikas Singh, learned senior counsel appearing for
Respondent No.1 – Medical Council of India (MCI).
2. Aggrieved by the judgment and order dated 5th May, 2015 passed by the
Division Bench of the Delhi High Court in L.P.A. No. 234 of 2015, the
petitioner filed this special leave petition.
3. By the impugned judgment, the Division Bench allowed the appeal filed
by the respondent-Medical Council of India and set aside the judgment
passed by the learned Single Judge in the Writ Petition.
4. Indisputably, the petitioner submitted application, as required under
Section 10A of the Medical Council of India Act, 1956 (hereinafter referred
to as ‘the Act’) for establishment of new medical college for the academic
year 2015-2016. The Essentiality Certificate and the consent of
affiliation were admittedly not annexed along with the application filed
under Section 10A of the said Act. According to the petitioner, the
Essentiality Certificate was issued on 28.8.2014 and the consent of
affiliation was communicated on 30.8.2014. After about 10 days i.e.
10.9.2014, the petitioner submitted Essentiality Certificate and
Certificate of Affiliation. The application so submitted by the petitioner
was, however, rejected on 15.10.2014 on the ground that the certificates
aforesaid were not submitted before the cut-off date i.e. 31.8.2014. By
the said order, the petitioner was given liberty to apply for the next
5. Against the aforesaid order, the petitioner moved the Delhi High
Court by filing Writ Petition being Writ Petition No. 7424 of 2014. The
learned Single Judge, after hearing the parties, by judgment dated 8.4.2015
allowed the Writ Petition and directed the Medical Council of India to
consider the application of the petitioner and make recommendations.
6. The respondent-Medical Council of India assailed the impugned order
passed by the learned Single Judge by filing a Writ Appeal being Letters
Patent Appeal No. 234 of 2015. The Division Bench, by a reasoned order,
allowed the appeal and set aside the judgment and order passed by the
learned Single Judge. The Division Bench rejected the plea of the
petitioner based on the need for medical assistance in the country and the
resulting disuse of the infra structure for one year. The petitioner-Trust
dissatisfied with the order passed by the Division Bench, filed the instant
special leave petition.
7. The matter was firstly heard on 15th July, 2015 by this Bench and
after taking note of the facts of the case and sequence of events, disposed
of the application with a direction to the respondent-Medical Council of
India to consider the petitioner’s application and make its recommendation
within a period of three weeks from that day. The matter was directed to
be listed after four weeks to enable the respondent-Medical Council of
India to submit the recommendation in a sealed cover.
8. The relevant portion of the order dated 15th July, 2015 is reproduced
“4. Indisputably, the petitioner as far back as on 25.8.2014 submitted
application as required under Section 10A of the Indian Medical Council
Act, 1956 for the establishment of the Institute. The Essentiality
Certificate was issued by the State of Tamil Nadu only on 28.8.2014. The
said communication was received by the petitioner only in the 1st week of
September, 2014. Similarly, the Tamil Nadu MGR University granted Consent
of Affiliation for starting of MBBS Degree course in the new medical
college. On receipt of this communication, the petitioner immediately on
10.9.2014 submitted Essentiality Certificate and Certificate of
Affiliation. Curiously enough after about a month, the respondent no.2 –
Central Government rejected the application on the ground that Essentiality
Certificate was not submitted before the cut-off date i.e. 31.8.2014.
5. Aggrieved by the said rejection of application, the petitioner filed
writ petition being W.P. No.7424 of 2014. The learned Single Judge of the
High Court by a detailed judgment and order allowed the writ petition and
directed the respondent no.1 MCI to consider the case of the petitioner.
Instead of doing so, the respondent no.1 being dissatisfied assailed the
said judgment of the learned Single Judge by filing writ appeal. The said
appeal was heard and disposed of on 5th May, 2015. The Division Bench,
after giving reasons, refused to uphold the direction issued by the learned
Single Judge for processing the application of the petitioner and
consequently the direction was set aside.
6. From the aforesaid facts narrated in brief, we do not find any fault,
laches or negligence from the side of the petitioner in the matter of
submission of application and other required documents. As noticed above,
although the Essentiality Certificate and Certificate of Affiliation were
filed on 10.9.2014, but after a month application was rejected by the
Central Government merely on the ground that the same was not submitted
before the cut-off date i.e. 31.8.2014. This reason given by the Central
Government is highly unjustified. The Division Bench in the impugned
judgment also took note of the fact and held that the rejection of the
application merely on the ground that the said documents were not submitted
along with application would not be proper since such pedantic approach
serve no purpose. For better appreciation, paragraph 39 of the impugned
judgment is quoted hereinbelow:
“39. However, when the deficient documents are available with the Central
Government as on the date of consideration of the applications for
reference to the MCI for their recommendations, it appears to us that
nothing precludes the Central Government to consider the applications on
merits. Rejection of the applications in such circumstances merely on the
ground that the said documents were not submitted along with the
applications may not be proper since such pedantic approach does not serve
any purpose. Therefore, we too agree that the Central Government in
appropriate cases may exercise the discretion in favour of the applicants
and consider the applications which are complete in all respects by the
date of consideration under Section 10A(2) of the MCI Act. Such
consideration in our considered opinion cannot be found fault with since
the same would not affect the adherence to the statutory time schedule.
However, the question with which we are concerned in the present case is
whether the failure of the Central Government to exercise such discretion
can be held to be erroneous and contrary to law and whether a positive
direction can be issued by this court to consider the applications of the
petitioners particularly at the fag end of the statutory time schedule.”
7. Prima facie, therefore, we are of the view that in the facts and
circumstances of the case, the respondents have not discharged their duty
in accordance with the provisions of the Act and Rules made thereunder
rather acted in a biased manner.
8. We, therefore, dispose of this application with a direction to the
respondent Medical Council of India to consider the application and make
its recommendation within a period of three weeks from today.
9. Let the matter be listed after four weeks to enable the respondents
to submit the recommendation in a sealed cover.”
9. In compliance of the aforesaid direction, the respondent-Medical
Council of India conducted inspection and submitted its report in a sealed
cover. Thereafter the matter was again listed before us for hearing.
10. Dr. Rajeev Dhawan, learned senior counsel appearing for the
petitioner, assailed the impugned report submitted by the Medical Council
of India on various grounds including that the same is arbitrary and
11. Dr. Rajeev Dhawan has drawn our attention to the Inspection Report
and submitted that as a matter of fact, the Medical Council of India was
fully aware that the inspection was carried out for the academic year 2015-
2016 and, therefore, there is no reason why the petitioner-Trust shall not
be granted permission for the academic year 2015-2016. Dr. Dhawan further
drawn our attention to the decision rendered by a three-Judges Bench of
this Court in the case of Royal Medical Trust (Regd.) and Another vs. Union
of India and Another, reported in 2015 (9) SCALE 68, and submitted that the
respondent-Medical Council of India totally failed in the discharge of
their duties and acted in a totally biased manner. Dr. Dhawan further
submitted that the decision of Medical Council of India recommending to
cancel the prayer for approval not only for the academic year 2015-2016 but
also for the academic year 2016-2017 is wholly illegal and arbitrary. The
petitioner, therefore, reserves its right to challenge the said
recommendation before the appropriate forum in accordance with law.
12. On the other hand, Mr. Vikas Singh, learned senior counsel appearing
for the respondent-Medical Council of India, drawn our attention to the
inspection report submitted by the Medical Council of India and contended
that in addition to various deficiencies which are not remediable, fake
faculty was also found in the said Institution.
13. Mr. Vikas Singh further submitted that the instant special leave
petition was heard along with Special Leave Petition (Civil) No. 15043 of
2015 titled as Padmashree Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College versus Medical
Council of India and Another and in the similar facts and circumstances of
the case, this Court, by a reasoned judgment dated 31st August, 2015
dismissed the special leave petition mainly after considering the statutory
time schedule which is already over and held that no positive direction can
be issued for the academic year 2015-2016.
14. Before we consider the rival contentions made by the learned counsel,
we would like to refer the report and the decision of the executive
committee of MCI dated 5.8.2015 in compliance to our order dated 15.7.2015.
From the said report, it reveals that the executive committee of the
council considered the council’s assessment report and noted many
deficiencies. Some of the major deficiencies are extracted hereinbelow:-
“1) Deficiency of teaching faculty is 83% as detailed in the report.
2) Shortage of residents is 100% as detailed in the report.
4) As many as 42 Senior/Junior Residents as detailed in the report have
provided wrong information in the Declaration Form regarding address proof
as during round it was found that no staff member/faculty/resident doctor
is staying/residing in the staff quarters/residents’ hostel in the campus;
6). OPD: Attendance was 150-175 on day of assessment which is grossly
inadequate. Institute has given figure of 707 which is inflated. When the
assessors arrived in the morning, few patients were found. After some
time, during rounds, around 150 people were found sitting in front of
registration counters, with only 3-4 patients actually registering at
counters. When visited again in the afternoon, the same people were found
sitting there without any intention of registering at OPD counter. Many
patients in the OPD were having very minor/fake complaints for which
normally no person will come to the hospital. In departmental OPD
registers, no information regarding admitted patients was given. In Medical
OPD, at 1 p.m., 61 patients were claimed to have been seen but there was
not a single patient was admitted. There was no display board of OPD
timings, doctor’s name, Unit information.
7). There was NIL patient in Casualty on day of assessment.
12). There were NIL Major & Minor operations in the hospital on day of
13). There were NIL Normal Delivery & Caesarean Section on day of
16). MEU: It is not furnished.
24). ICUs: There was NIL patient in ICCU & SICU and only 1 patient in
NICU/PICU on day of assessment.
31). There is Engineering college in the same campus. Engineering books &
instruments were found in some rooms of medical college hostel/quarters.
It appears as if the hostels & quarters shown for Medical College are
actually used by Engineering College.
32). Dean has refused to sign the report after reading it for 1 hour due
to instruction from the management.
33). Other deficiencies as pointed out in the assessment report.”
15. The executive committee, therefore, decided to apply clause
8(3)(1)(d) of the Establishment of Medical College Regulation (Amendment),
2010 and further decided to return the application for establishment of a
new Medical College of the petitioner to the Central Government
recommending disapproval of the scheme under Section 10A of IMC Act, 1956
for the academic year 2015-2016 and 2016-2017.
16. Indisputably, now it is for the Central Government to approve or
disapprove and to take a final decision on the report of the executive
committee of the Council.
17. The crucial question that falls for consideration is as to whether
this Court having regard to the facts of the case and the decision taken by
the Council, which is not even looked into by the Central Government, this
Court can issue any direction to consider the grant of permission to the
petitioner for the academic year 2015-2016.
18. Another Special Leave Petition being SLP (C) No. 15043 of 2015 was
heard along with this case at the preliminary stage and decided by judgment
dated 31.08.2015, in which one of us (M.Y. Eqbal, J.) was a member of the
Bench. In that case, this Court elaborately discussed the time schedule
which has to be strictly adhered and followed in catena of decisions. After
discussing the ratio laid down in number of cases, the Bench observed:-
“20. On an analysis of the aforesaid decisions, it is crystal clear that
the time schedule is required to be strictly observed. Hence, it would not
be appropriate to issue any direction for consideration of petitioner’s
case for the ongoing academic session 2015-16 in which inspection is yet to
be made. It is too late in the day to direct inspection for the session
2015-16 as all the dates fixed in the time schedule are over and fixation
of time schedule has a purpose behind it and from a particular date the
session has to commence and part of seats to be filled by a competitive
examination held on all-India basis. Any relaxation in the time schedule
would make holding of examinations on an all India basis a farce and
several complications would arise. Everything cannot be allowed to go
haywire. The entire curriculum would be unsettled in case breach of time
schedule is permitted. The power given to Central Government to relax can
be exercised in exceptional circumstances and that too without disturbing
the academic session. The decision-making process after inspection has
various steps and it cannot be ordered to be done in haste resulting in sub-
standard education and half-baked doctors.
21. On behalf of the petitioner, reliance has been placed on a decision of
this Court in S.L.P. [C] No.14838/2015 – Ponnaiyah Ramajayam Institute of
Science and Technology Trust v. Medical Council of India & Anr. (decided on
15.7.2015) wherein this Court has directed the inspection to be made and to
submit the recommendation in a sealed cover after four weeks to this Court.
No doubt about it that the application which was filed was for the academic
session 2015-16 but this Court has not decided the question whether
inspection would enure for the benefit of the ongoing academic session 2015-
16 and in case on inspection it is decided to recommend the prayer made
whether it would be for academic year 2016-17 or for the ongoing session
2015-16 and also question of breach of time schedule. What has not been
decided, cannot be deduced by inferential process. What would be the
ultimate recommendation on inspection, can also not be anticipated. The
requisite Committee of the MCI and Central Government have to ultimately
consider the report/recommendations. Various aspects including time
schedule are required to be taken into consideration for issuance of any
positive direction as to session.
23. Considering the statutory time schedule and that the same is already
over and in the facts and circumstances of the case, it would not be
appropriate to direct inspection to be made and thereafter a decision to be
taken for the current academic session 2015-16 as that would be in breach
of the law laid down in various decisions of this Court which is binding.
Thus, we direct that the application which has been submitted by the
college for the academic session 2015-16 be considered for the next
academic session, subject to fulfilment of other requisite formalities, as
may be necessary, and thereafter the MCI shall conduct an inspection well-
in-time as per the time schedule fixed under the Regulations of 1999. The
Special Leave Petition is dismissed with the aforesaid modification.
19. In the facts and circumstances of the case, no directions can be
issued to the respondent to consider the case of the petitioner-college for
the academic year 2015-2016 and 2016-17, since the matter is yet to be
decided by the Central Government. However, we do not express any opinion
with regard to the recommendation made by the Council to the Central
Government disapproving the scheme for the academic year 2016-2017 also.
Hence, it is for the petitioner to move the appropriate forum as against
the decision of disapproval for the academic year 2016-2017.
20. With the aforesaid directions and observations, this special leave
petition stands disposed of.
September 17, 2015