Supreme Court of India
Jagdish Prasad @ J.P.& Ors vs State Of Rajasthan on 25 April, 2017Bench: S.A. Bobde, L. Nageswara Rao


CRIMINAL APPEAL NOS.2278-2279/2014

These appeals have been preferred by the appellants against the
common impugned judgment and order dated 10.3.2011 passed by the High Court
of Rajasthan in D.B. Criminal Appeal Nos.129/2000 and 84/2002, by which the
conviction of the appellants for offences under section 147, 148, 450,
302/149, 326/149, 325/149, 324/149, 323, 427 and 364 of the Indian Penal
Code (for short, the ‘IPC’) by the Trial Court was upheld by the High
Court. The sentence of life imprisonment imposed by the Trial Court was
also confirmed.
Banwari Lal (PW5) lodged a complaint in the Police Station Kotwali,
Seekar at 10.30 a.m. on 12.09.1998. He alleged that he along with his
brothers Bhebharam (deceased) and Om Prakash (PW6) were sitting in their
shop. PW2 Sanwar Mal, PW9 Mohan Singh and Tara Chand also joined them. At
10 a.m., Om Prakash stepped out of the shop and went to Jankinath market
gate to order for some tea. At that time, he was assaulted by 10-15
persons near the Jankinath market.
PW5 Banwari Lal, PW2 Sanwar Lal, PW21 Mohan Lal and Mangi Lal PW22,
rushed out of the shop and saw 10-15 persons beating Om Prakash with lathi,
sword, farsi and sariyas. Thereafter, the assailants entered the shop and
launched an attack on Bhebharam (deceased) and Om Prakash. The shop was
ransacked and the deceased Bhebharam was dragged out of the cabin. It was
also alleged that Shyama attempted to hit Om Prakash with a farsi blow with
an intention to kill him. Om Prakash avoided the attack and in the process
his left hand’s middle finger was chopped off. Both Bhebharam and Om
Prakash were abducted in a Jeep and taken away. Bhebharam (deceased) and
Om Prakash were found in injured condition near Gaushala in Dataramgarh and
were taken to Seekar Hospital. Bhebharam was referred to SMS Hospital,
Jaipur, as his condition was serious. Bhebharam died at 12.30 p.m. on
FIR No.438/98 for offences under sections 147, 148, 323, 427, 395,
364, 307, 450 and 149 of IPC was registered on 12.09.1998 and after the
death of Bhebharam, offence under section 302 of IPC was added.
A charge-sheet was initially submitted against 12 persons while
keeping the investigation pending. We are informed that there were six
trials that were separately conducted for the offences mentioned above. The
appellants before us were shown as accused in two trials and the accused in
other four trials were acquitted by the Trial Court. No appeals were
preferred by the State against the said acquittals. The High Court upheld
the conviction of the appellants who are before us for all the aforestated
offences except for the offence under section 307/149 of the IPC. The
sentence of life imprisonment that was recorded by the trial court was
confirmed by the High court.
Mr. Basava Prabhu S. Patil, learned Senior Counsel appearing for the
appellants, submits that the FIR is ante-dated and ante-time, the
prosecution version about the occurrence of the crime at Jankinath Market
is doubtful and that there is clear inconsistency between the injury report
and the post-mortem report. He also submits that the eye-witnesses are not
reliable and the statement of the deceased (Bhebharam) under section 161
Cr.P.C. recorded on 12.9.1998 could not have been treated as a dying
declaration under section 32 of the Indian Evidence Act. He further
contended that, in any event, the conviction under section 302 read with
section 149 of IPC is not justified. According to him, even if the
prosecution version is to be accepted, the conviction can only be under
section 326 read with section 149 of the IPC.
A perusal of the evidence on record and the judgments of the courts
below would reveal that the assailants Kesar Jat and Shyama Jat against
whom specific overt acts were alleged, have been acquitted. It is also
clear from the record that five persons were travelling in a jeep in which
Bhebharam (deceased) and Om Prakash were abducted and taken to Dataramgarh.
Four out of said five persons were acquitted. Admittedly, there is no
appeal preferred by the respondent-State against the acquittal of Kesar Jat
and Shyama Jat as also the acquittal of others who were travelling in the
The accused were part of a large group of 25 persons and no specific
role has been ascribed to them. The other accused who were similarly
situated to them have been acquitted and no appeals were preferred by the
State against their acquittals. Moreover, the main assailants were also
We have also carefully perused the injury certificate and the post-
mortem report. Almost all the injuries were found on the hands and legs of
the deceased. Though the accused were carrying deadly weapons, there is no
allegation that they had caused injuries to the vital parts of the deceased
or Om Prakash.
There is no doubt that Bhebharam was attacked by the accused and he
died due to the injuries caused by the accused. We do not see any reason to
interfere with the findings of the courts below that the accused had
attacked the deceased, who died due to the injuries sustained by him. For
the reasons mentioned above, we are of the view that the appellants are not
liable for conviction under Section 302/149 IPC. In facts and circumstances
of this case, we are convinced that the conviction under Section 302/149
has to be modified to Section 326/149 IPC.
We are informed that all the accused have already undergone rigorous
imprisonment for periods between 8 years and 7 months to 12 years and 8
months, except the appellants in Criminal Appeal Nos.2278-2279 of 2014, who
have undergone rigorous imprisonment for 6 years and 5 years and 2 months
Taking into account the long period of incarceration undergone by the
appellants, we partly allow these appeals, convert the conviction of the
appellants from Section 302/149 to section 326/149 of the IPC and reduce
their sentence to the period already undergone by them. The appellants are
in jail. Their bail bonds stand cancelled. They may be released from
custody forthwith, if not required in any other case.

APRIL 26, 2017.


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