Supreme Court of India
Ramesh vs Harbans Nagpal & Ors on 23 March, 2015Author: U U Lalit
Bench: Dipak Misra, Uday Umesh Lalit
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION
CIVIL APPEAL NOS. 3105-3106 OF 2015
(@ Special Leave Petition (C) Nos.31194-31195 of 2010)
Ramesh …. Appellant
Harbans Nagpal and others …. Respondents
Uday Umesh Lalit J.
2. These appeals challenge the order dated 14.1.2010 in CMM No.846 of
2008 and order dated 2.6.2010 in Review Petition No.58 of 2010 arising out
of the said order dated 14.1.2010 in CMM No.846 of 2008, passed by the High
Court of Delhi at New Delhi.
3. The appellant under an Agreement of sale dated 27.5.1998 had
purchased the property described in the document as under:
“Vacant roof of Ground Floor to Top Floor measuring 106 Sq. yds. Out of
Property No.1/51, built on Plot No.A/9, out of Khasra No.163 with rights to
construct up to Top floor, stairs leading from Ground Floor to Top Floor,
situated at Nirankari Colony, Pardhan Marg, Delhi-110009, and bounded as
NORTH: Road below
SOUTH: Other’s property
EAST: Gali below
WEST: Other’s property”
The appellant submits that in pursuance of the right so conferred,
she has erected a building and is in enjoyment thereof.
4. On or about 16.8.2001 the Respondent No.1 herein filed Civil Suit
No.229 of 2001 in the Court of Senior Civil Judge, Delhi against the
Defendant No.1 i.e. his wife and Defendant Nos. 3 to 5 who are relatives of
the Defendant No. 1. The present appellant was joined as Defendant No.2.
It was submitted in the plaint as under:
“That the defendant No.1 in connivance with defendant No.2 and other
defendants encroached upon the property of the plaintiff and took
possession of the chhajja and reconstructed it and debarred the plaintiff
from taking any air or natural light. The defendant No.1 and 2 are in
conspiracy with other defendants to permanently cust the plaintiff from the
premises which is in his ownership.
That mischievously the defendant No.1 connived with the other
defendants and with the MCD Officials in order to harm the plaintiff and
got demolished the second floor, third floor and fourth floor of the said
premises. Thus floors are lying in a dilapidated condition. The chhajjas
on the first floor, second floor and fourth floor are being in unauthorized
occupation of the defendants.”
It was prayed:
“That a decree for mandatory injunction be passed in favour of the
plaintiff and against the defendants that the chhajjas occupied by them
forcefully and illegally, be handed over to the plaintiff.”
The plaint did not give any details or dimensions of the chhajjas,
nor did it refer to any plan so that the details or dimensions could be
gathered therefrom. But it appears, a sketch was later produced on record.
5. The Appellant was initially proceeded ex-parte vide order
dt.20.12.2001 but that order was set aside on 1.8.2002 and the appellant
filed her written statement and reply to the application for interim
relief. No replication was filed. The suit was dismissed for default on
17.9.2004. Respondent No.1-Plaintiff preferred application for
restoration, which was adjourned from time to time for lack of effective
service. The suit was later restored on 19.4.2006 when Defendant Nos.1 and
5 appeared in person and submitted that they had compromised the matter and
had no objection to the suit being restored. Upon such restoration, the
suit was decreed vide judgment dt.7.2.2007 in the absence of the appellant.
It was observed by the trial court as under:
“It is pertinent to mention here that defendant Nos.1 and 5 also filed WS
but during the pendency of the suit plaintiff and defendant Nos.1 and 5
have reached a compromise. Statements of Defendant Nos.1 and 5 were also
recorded separately. Hence, the contents of WS of Defendant Nos.1 and 5
are not reproduced here. It is also pertinent to mention here that
defendant No.2 to 4 were proceeded ex-parte by my Ld. Predecessor court on
20.12.2004. It is also pertinent to mention here that suit of the
plaintiff was dismissed on 1.9.2004 for non-appearance of the plaintiff.
Thereafter, plaintiff filed an application u/o 9 rule 9 CPC on 25.9.2004.
Thereafter, notice of this application was sent to defendants but defendant
No.2 did not appear despite summons being served which is also reflected in
order sheet dt.5.2.2005. Meanwhile, defendant No.1 and 5 along with
plaintiff compromised the matter and matter was proceeded further against
the remaining defendants.”
“Since the defendant Nos.2 to 4 have chosen not to contest the suit
of the plaintiff and have chosen to remain ex-parte. Deposition of
plaintiff’s witness has remained unchallenged, uncontroverted. I have
perused the record and heard Ld. counsel for plaintiff. It is also
pertinent to mention here that defendant No.1 is wife of plaintiff and
defendant No.1 along with defendant No.5 appeared and statement of both
were recorded on 19.4.2006 to this effect that they have already settled
their dispute in regard of suit property. There is nothing on record to
suggest the plaintiff is not entitled to relief claimed. Hence plaintiff
is entitled for mandatory injunction whereby defendant No.2, 3, 4 are
directed that chhajja occupied by them be handed over to the plaintiff.
Plaintiff is further entitled for decree of permanent injunction whereby
defendants No.2,3 & 4 are restrained from encroaching as well interfering
with the possession of the suit property that is 1/51, Nirankari Colony,
Delhi. Decree sheet be prepared accordingly.”
6. The record indicates that while the matter was pending consideration
for restoration of the suit, vide order dated 27.11.2004 the matter stood
adjourned to 07.01.2005 and thus there were no proceedings on 20.12.2004.
On the other hand, the appellant was initially proceeded ex parte vide
order dated 20.12.2001 but that order was set aside on 01.08.2002. The
suit was restored on 19.04.2006 and there was no order after such
restoration setting the suit ex parte as against the appellant. The order
dated 05.02.2005 also did not mark the suit ex parte against the appellant.
7. On 30.04.2007 application was preferred on behalf of Respondent No.1-
Plaintiff for execution of the aforesaid decree. Soon thereafter he filed
an application dated 07.08.2007 under Section 151 C.P.C. for amendment of
the decree. It was stated therein as under:
“1. That the Site Plan does not show the prcised location of the place
surrendered or ordered to be given in possession of the plaintiff by the
2. That although the order and decree sheet clears whatever is to be
given to the plaintiff and as against the defendants.
3. That it is highly improper to go beyond the decree sheet and the
decree passed by the Court and therefore, it is appurtenant to describe to
the bailiff as to where he has to act and what he has to do so that the
time of Court and the bailiff is not wasted and decree of this Hon’ble
Court be obeyed and ought to be under law.”
8. The aforesaid application was dismissed by the trial court vide its
order dated 15.10.2007 holding that there was no clerical error or
accidental omission in the decree and that taking on record the amended
site plan at that stage would amount to going behind the decree and
modifying the terms of the original decree. In the meantime the appellant-
defendant No.2 got the knowledge of ex parte decree dated 07.02.2007 and
preferred an application under Order IX Rule 13 CPC for setting aside the
same, which application is still pending consideration.
9. Respondent No.1- plaintiff being aggrieved by the order dated
15.10.2007 preferred CMM No.846 of 2008 in the High Court of Delhi. The
High Court in its order dated 14.01.2010 observed that as per the earlier
site plan there was a protruding chhajja measuring 33″ beyond the staircase
and that the said chhajja shall be handed over to the decree holder who
shall then erect a wall over the portion measuring 33″ beyond the staircase
as shown in the initial site plan. It further directed the executing court
to issue warrants of execution in terms of the order of the High Court.
The appellant preferred Review Petition No.58 of 2010 seeking review of the
aforesaid order dated 14.01.2010. The said review petition was, however,
dismissed by the High Court vide its order dated 02.06.2010.
10. We have gone through the record and considered the rival submissions.
In our view, no dimensions were given in the plaint nor did the plaint
refer to any sketch. The judgment and decree also did not refer to any
dimensions of the chhajja in question nor did it incorporate or refer to
any sketch from which dimensions could be gathered. In the premises the
view taken by the trial court was absolutely correct, in that any exercise
would amount to going behind the decree. The application preferred under
Section 151 CPC was also vague and lacking in any particulars. The High
Court was, therefore, not justified in passing the instant directions. We,
therefore, allow the appeal and set aside both the orders under appeal. It
is open to Respondent NO.1-plaitniff to take such steps as are open to him
in law. We may also observe that the application for setting aside the ex
parte decree preferred by the appellant shall be considered on its own
11. The appeals, thus, stand allowed with no order as to costs.
……………………..J.(Uday Umesh Lalit)
March 23, 2015
ITEM NO.1E COURT NO.12 SECTION XIV
S U P R E M E C O U R T O F I N D I A
RECORD OF PROCEEDINGS
Petition(s) for Special Leave to Appeal (C) No(s). 31194-31195/2010
(Arising out of impugned final judgment and order dated 14/01/2010 in CMM
No. 846/2008,02/06/2010 in RP No. 58/2010,02/06/2010 in CMM No.
846/2008,14/01/2010 in CMM No. 846/2008,02/06/2010 in RP No.
58/2010,02/06/2010 in CMM No. 846/2008 passed by the High Court Of Delhi At
HARBANS NAGPAL & ORS. Respondent(s)
Date : 23/03/2015 These petitions were called on for
pronouncement of judgment today.
For Petitioner(s) Mr. Piyush Sharma, AOR
For Respondent(s) Mrs. Rani Chhabra, AOR
Hon’ble Mr. Justice Uday Umesh Lalit pronounced the non-reportable
judgment of the Bench comprising Hon’ble Mr. Justice Dipak Misra and His
The appeals are allowed in terms of the signed non-reportable
(R.NATARAJAN) (SNEH LATA SHARMA)
Court Master Court Master
(Signed non-reportable judgment is placed on the file)