Supreme Court of India
Ramvilas vs State Of M.P on 18 August, 2015Author: …………………………J.

Bench: T.S. Thakur, R. Banumathi



CRIMINAL APPEAL NOS. 1786-1787 OF 2009

RAMVILAS …Appellant

STATE OF M.P. …Respondent


CRIMINAL APPEAL NOS. 1788-1789 OF 2009



In these appeals, the appellants challenge the correctness of the judgment
passed by the High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Jabalpur in Criminal Appeals
No.377 of 1995 and 481 of 1995 whereby the High Court confirmed the
conviction and sentence awarded to the appellants by the trial court under
Sections 302 read with Section 149 IPC, 324, 323 read with Section 149 IPC
and 148 IPC.
2. Case of the prosecution is that on 23.07.1991 at about 7.00
O’clock in the morning at village Hathighat, deceased-Bansilal had gone
towards the riverside to attend nature’s call. One Harisingh Kachhi (PW-
7), Jagdish (PW-13) and Noor Khan (PW-9) came to the house of Narmada
Prasad (PW-3) and informed him that the accused-appellants were assaulting
his brother-Bansilal. Narmada Prasad (PW-3) immediately rushed to the spot
alongwith them and near ‘otla’ of Hardul Baba, he noticed that all the
appellants armed with lethal weapons had surrounded his brother-Bansilal.
Appellants Chhotelal, Kailash and Suresh were armed with spears, appellant-
Ramvilas was armed with pistol, whereas appellants Ramsingh and Gorelal
were carrying lathis with them. When Bansilal tried to escape, appellant-
Ramvilas fired a shot from his pistol and when Bansilal fell down,
appellants Chhotelal and Kailash attacked him with spear on his scalp and
forehead. When Narmada Prasad (PW-3) tried to intervene, appellant-Kailash
attacked Narmada Prasad with spear and caused injury below his right eye.
Then Uma Bai (PW-5) sister of the deceased and Sona Bai-mother of the
deceased tried to save Bansilal, the appellants Kailash and Ram Singh also
attacked them. Appellant-Ramvilas intimidated and threatened the persons
present there and said that if anybody would intervene, he would be shot
dead. The appellants gave repeated blows to Bansilal by spear and lathis
and then fled away. Injured Bansilal was immediately taken to the hospital
where he was declared dead. On the complaint lodged by Narmada Prasad (PW-
3), brother of the deceased, FIR was registered in Criminal Case No.131 of
1991 under Sections 147, 148, 149, 341 and 302 IPC at PS Nasirullahganj.
After due investigation, the appellants were prosecuted under Sections 148,
302, 302 read with Section 149, 324, 324 read with Section 149, 323 and 323
read with Section 149 IPC.
3. Upon consideration of the evidence, the trial court convicted
the appellant-Ramvilas and other accused under Sections 302 read with
Section 149, 324, 323 read with Section 149 and 148 IPC and sentenced them
to undergo life imprisonment and further imposed sentence of imprisonment
for other offences. On appeal, the High Court confirmed the conviction of
the appellants and also the sentence of imprisonment imposed on each of
them. These appeals assail the correctness of the impugned judgment. On
application filed onbehalf of the appellants, the appeal was dismissed as
withdrawn qua the appellants Suresh (A1), Kailash (A2) and Ram Singh (A4)
by the Chamber Judge Order dated 18.02.2013.
4. We have heard the arguments of Mr. Ajay Veer Singh, the learned
counsel for the third appellant-Ramvilas and also the learned counsel
appearing for the State. We have carefully considered the rival contentions
and perused the evidence on record and also the impugned judgment.
5. Conviction of the appellant-Ramvilas and other accused is based
mainly on the evidence adduced by six eye witnesses, namely, Narmada Prasad
(PW3), Rekha Bai(PW-4), Uma Bai (PW-5), Hari Singh (PW-7), Noor Khan (PW-9)
and Jagdish (PW-13) coupled with other corroborative evidence. All the eye
witnesses have consistently spoken about the occurrence and the overt acts
of the accused including the appellant-Ramvilas. Courts below have recorded
the concurrent findings of fact observing that the testimony of eye
witnesses is credible and trustworthy. Deceased-Bansilal had sustained as
many as twenty six injuries. Evidence of eye witnesses is amply
corroborated by medical evidence. By perusal of the records, no cogent
reasons are forthcoming to disbelieve the testimony of the eye witnesses
and we find no reason to interfere with the concurrent findings recorded by
the courts accepting the evidence of eye witnesses as trustworthy.
6. In the incident, Narmada Prasad (PW-3) and Uma Bai (PW-5)
sister of the deceased sustained injuries and Ex.P-9 and Ex.P-10 are the
MLC Reports of Narmada Prasad (PW-3) and Uma Bai (PW-5) respectively issued
by Dr. S.K. Dhoble (PW-10). Narmada Prasad (PW-3) and Uma Bai (PW-5) being
injured witnesses, their presence at the time and place of occurrence
cannot be doubted. Evidence of the injured witnesses is entitled to a great
weight and very cogent and convincing grounds are required to discard the
evidence of the injured witnesses. We do not find any ground to disbelieve
the evidence of injured witnesses Narmada Prasad (PW-3) and Uma Bai (PW-5).
7. Learned counsel for the appellant Mr. Ajay Veer Singh contended
that the presence of appellant-Ramvilas at the scene of occurrence was
doubtful as no ‘katta’ was seized from him nor any gun shot injury was
found on the person of deceased-Bansilal. As observed by the High Court
all the eye witnesses have spoken in one voice so far as carrying of
‘katta’ by appellant-Ramvilas and therefore his presence at the scene of
occurrence cannot be doubted merely because no ‘katta’ was recovered from
him. It has come out in the evidence that the appellant-Ramvilas had
exhorted the other accused in attacking the deceased and also actually
participated in the attack. As pointed out by the courts below that the
appellant-Ramvilas nowhere pleaded in his examination under Section 313
Cr.P.C. that he was neither present at the scene of occurrence nor involved
in the incident.
8. The conviction of the appellant-Ramvilas is based on the
evidence of injured witnesses which is amply corroborated by the evidence
of eye witnesses and medical evidence. Conviction of the appellant is based
on proper appreciation of evidence and courts below have recorded
concurrent findings and the same is not liable to be interfered with in
exercise of power under Article 136 of the Constitution of India.
9. These appeals are dismissed.


New Delhi;
August 18, 2015



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